What Is The Process Of Software Testing?


Testing is always an integral component of the software development process. It follows a descriptive assessment of software to ensure it basically meets your client’s requirements and goals. The primary goal of testing is to identify all the defects and errors in the software before moving to the implementation phase. However, if software defects are not addressed before moving to deployment, they can adversely affect the client’s business. Resolving those issues to a greater extent would involve high costs. As Software Testing is an integral part of product development, it will always be a necessary step to follow. You can opt for professional Software Testing Training in Delhi for a better understanding of this process. A professional training approach will never go wrong if you wish to follow the correct software testing process.

How to Start with the Software Testing process?

Basically, testing allows you to maintain the software quality and gain your client’s confidence and trust. After correct testing, the end product requires lower maintenance costs, as it will perform accurately, consistently, and also reliably. Further, let’s look at the proper testing process.

What Is The Process Of Software Testing?
What Is The Process Of Software Testing?

Requirement Analysis-

Requirement analysis is the beginning step of the Software Testing Lifecycle. Here, the testing team tries to evaluate the requirements of testing and outline the given requirements for testing. In case when the testers, fail to understand the testing requirements, they further refer to stakeholders, such as the customer, system architect, or business analyst. It is very important for the testers to understand the requirements of the application comprehensively, thus making it easier to identify faults in the software.

The specifications of any given system are usually functional or non-functional. This ensures that the testers must check functional business features as well as metrics, such as speed, security, reliability, and availability. Owing to these few reasons, testers need to outline the types of tests required for testing, gather information about the priorities in testing, and lastly configure a traceability matrix for requirements. Furthermore, they need to present information concerning where the test would be carried out as well as Automation Feasibility Analysis if needed.

Software Testing Planning-

Software testing needs the effort of an entire team, and senior testers or the manager of the testing team requires to plan the testing process.  This stage of the QA lifecycle usually results in documents, such as Effort Estimation and Test Plan.

Managers usually prepare test plans for various types of software testing. Starting from, which testing tool is optimal, and evaluating effort estimation. As well as, they need to assign responsibilities and roles to their respective team.

Test Case Development-

The Test Case Development phase results in the creation of test cases and their related scripts. The test team needs to create, verify, and remake specific test cases, from specific features and their requirements. Furthermore, they also need to prepare testing data that they can use for their test cases and scripts.

Environment Setup-

The test environment comprises testing conditions, like hardware and software specifications useful during the testing procedure. Ideally, it should imitate the useful environment of the end-user in his/her working space. The testing team now set the testing environment completely and checks its readiness of the testing environment.

Software Test Execution-

In the Test Execution phase, testers carry out testing according to the test plans and test cases made by the team. They will evaluate if all the requirements in the RTM match and report any errors they find in the testing procedure. They will then report the testing errors to the developers working on the respective project. Further, the team needs to document all test results and log any case that fails. Afterward, they need to map the bugs with the test cases in the RM and also keep track of these bugs until closure.

STLC Closure-

Lastly, the entire testing team meets, exchange information, and analyze testing documents to optimize the testing strategies. The basic goal of this phase is to give feedback about any problems faced during the software process and establish best practices for projects of similar requirements.


As you already know no software is built perfectly. Every software holds scope for improvement. Looking at the importance of software testing, it is advisable to take professional training to learn its implementation. To help you in this, Software Testing Online Training can be a good start. Also, software testers need to be well aware of the trending technologies, tools, and methods to ensure good quality software.

Share your love
Articles: 27