Electric vehicles are unquestionably better for the environment than vehicles powered by fossil fuels, but if a client opts for a gasoline or diesel car, there are over 70,000 gas stations in the nation where they can easily refuel. Where, however, would one find somewhere to plug up an electric vehicle? There are just a few numbers available in the nation, thus creating a charging infrastructure is the priority for the government and commercial players. Electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure in India has to be improved so that the country can meet its objective of 30% EV market penetration by 2030.
There are only approximately 1028 public electric vehicle charging stations in India as of December 2021, a research by Grant Thornton Bharat & FICCI found. However, as gas costs continue to increase, more and more individuals are opting to buy electric automobiles. This implies there will be a massive rise in the need for electric car charging stations.
Charging facilities for electric vehicles are proliferating in both large and small urban centers.
The expansion of electric vehicle (EV) charging stations in both big and smaller cities is an important step in promoting the adoption of EVs and supporting the transition to a low-carbon transportation sector.
The Indian government has tentative plans to gradually increase the number of charging stations around the country. According to the Consolidated Guidelines for Electric Vehicles announced by the Ministry of Power on 14th January 2022, in Phase 1, all large cities with a population of four million and above would be targeted to create charging stations. The second round of installation will bring charging stations to state capitals and union territories.
In big cities, the expansion of EV charging stations can help to address the challenge of limited parking and charging options for EVs. It can also help to increase the convenience and accessibility of EV charging for city residents and visitors. Cities like Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Surat, Delhi, and Mumbai have the most EV charging stations in India. However, given the need for additional EV cars in the nation, the government has plans to create charging stations around the country.
In smaller cities, the expansion of electric vehicle charging stations in India can help to support the adoption of EVs by providing a reliable and convenient source of charging. It can also help to increase the attractiveness of EVs as a transportation option, and to reduce the range anxiety that some people may have about driving an EV in a smaller city.
There are several ways that EV charging stations can be expanded in both big and smaller cities, including:
- Public charging stations: Governments and private companies can install public EV charging stations in strategic locations, such as near shopping centers, hotels, and other high-traffic areas.
- Workplace charging stations: Employers can install EV charging stations at their workplace to support the use of EVs by their employees.
- Home charging stations: Homeowners can install EV charging stations at their home to support the use of EVs by their household.
Overall, the expansion of EV charging stations in both big and smaller cities can help to support the adoption of EVs and the transition to a low-carbon transportation sector.