Bioengineering Curriculum- Core Subjects and Specializations

Bioengineering is a disciplinary field combining the two fields, i.e., biology and engineering. The primary aim of this course is to teach students engineering sciences with biology and clinical practice. BTech bioengineering has become a popular choice for those candidates who have an interest in solving problems in the field of healthcare via engineering principles.

Have you planned to take up bioengineering? If yes, you must clearly understand what subjects the course deals with. Moreover, you should also have an insight into the degree specializations. In this guide, we shall focus on subjects, specializations, and career opportunities in bioengineering.

What is Bioengineering Curriculum?

The Bioengineering undergraduate program is an educational specialization built upon precise engineering science. This curriculum typically includes an amalgamation of core subjects and courses that let students gain insights into engineering and biology.

In the bioengineering curriculum, major subjects include life sciences, mathematics, electives in humanities, social science, and design. The knowledge and technical depth offered on behalf of this course is very helpful for a lucrative career.

By studying the course bioengineering, graduates know how to use biological advances in engineering. A career in bioengineering is profitable, for these engineers are in-demand. Once you graduate from this course, you are expected to work towards creating products beneficial for humanity, biomaterials, etc.

Core Subjects in Bioengineering Curriculum

You can expect the curriculum of bioengineering to be challenging. Why? Because this course includes many aspects of the field of both biology and engineering. BTech bioengineering is both diverse as well as extremely interesting.

Below are the main subjects of this curriculum in both the UG and PG courses:

  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry
  • Bioremediation technology
  • Molecular biology
  • Biomechanics
  • Applied mathematics
  • Electrical sciences
  • Bioinstrumentation
  • Advanced Biomechanics
  • Rehabilitation Engineering
  • Bioinformatics
  • Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering:

Now that you know the core subjects in Bioengineering, let us quickly look at the Syllabus for B. Tech. in Bioengineering.

  • Animal Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology
  • Laboratory
  • Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology
  • Drug Designing
  • Nanobiotechnology
  • Structural Biology
  • Plant System Physiology

Specializations of BTech in Bioengineering

Opting for a Bioengineering program in 2023 is quite beneficial. As mentioned in the next section, the educational curriculum is designed to provide minor specializations.

Some of the specialization which helps in placement after bioengineering are as follows:

  • Biomaterials

This specialization focuses on the study of materials that interact with biological systems. The biological systems include their processing, synthesis, and characteristics. Students pursuing the program explore the properties and behavior of biomaterials. They learn how to design materials for medical implants, drug delivery systems, etc.

  • Biomedical Imaging

Biomedical imaging is the development and application of imaging technologies in various fields of medicine—for example, medical diagnosis, research, and monitoring. Students are made to learn imaging modalities like magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, etc.

  • Signal and Image Processing

Signal and Image processing is the analysis and identification of the meanings of signals. Students under the bioengineering curriculum gain understanding of imagery with the use of hardware and software modules. ML is also included in this particular specialization.

  • Business Management

Finance, marketing, and business management are also included as a specialization within bioengineering. Business management aims at equipping students with the skills & expertise required to manage projects, work in teams, and handle budgets in the bioengineering industry.

  • Computational Mathematics

Computational mathematics combines mathematical models, graphs, matrices, and computer programming. Students are made to learn all of these in digital format so that they can solve complex problems in bioengineering.

Scope of BTech in Bioengineering in India in 2023

A career in bioengineering is gratifying. Graduates from this course become biotechnologists. In India, these professionals earn an average of INR 4.9 lakh annually. The demand for new technologies in the field of medicine is inevitable.

Also, after completing of BTech in bioengineering, you can enter into several branches like – Biomimetics, Cellular Engineering, Bio Instrumentation, etc. Thus, the career opportunities post Bioengineering are limitless.


In conclusion, Bioengineering graduates will likely be placed with top companies like Roche Diagnostics, Agfa, B. Braun, Samsung Healthcare, etc. Now that you know the curriculum, choose a college, get the degree, and get placement after bioengineering.

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Ravi Sharma
Ravi Sharma
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