A Quick Guide To The NEP 2020 (National Education Policy)

NEP 2020 has been introduced as an upgrade to the traditional educational methods brought in by the national curriculum framework of 2005. The institutes are encouraged to make required transitions that will help them to enhance their educational offerings and make students ready for better opportunities and experiences in the future.

What is NEP 2020?

NEP 2020 is the first education policy in the 21st century that is aimed to ensure growth and development in the country by empowering the education system. It is aligned with the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development. It is built based on foundational pillars named Quality, Affordability and Accountability, Equity, and Access.

NEP 2020 aims to make major transformations in the educational offerings across schools and colleges in the country. It gives main priority to offering universal access to high-quality education in the country. Further, it aims to give special attention to the regions and districts in remote regions that have socioeconomic disadvantages

Here is a quick guide to the national curriculum framework-

  1. As per the NEP 2020, the current system of the 10+2 method of education will be replaced by the 5+3+3+4 system for 3 to 18 years of student’s age. In this system, the NCF body aims to give focus on the primary education of the students as it is an important phase of student development.

The initial five years- 3 years of pre-primary school and 1st and 2nd class is called the foundational stage. The next three years are the preparatory stage from class 3rd to 5th. After that, it is the middle stage from 6 to the 8th class and 9 to 12th is the secondary stage of education.

  1. The students will get access to vocational learning from class 6th.
  2. The students get the opportunity to choose subjects of their interest from the class 8th to 12th. This will enable them to begin specialization in their areas of interest at a young age.
  3. The graduation courses will be designed to be for four years.
  4. In graduation, the students will have the freedom of choosing one major subject, that is the core subject, and one minor subject from any other field.
  5. Introduction of the Academic Bank of Credit (ABC) will help the students to digitally store their credits earned from courses given by higher education Institutes. (HEIs)
  6. The NEP 2020 aims to introduce multi-disciplinary education across the institutes to give students the flexibility of attempting any course from any college.
  7. A 360-degree grading pattern will be implemented in all colleges, schools, and universities to ensure the overall evaluation and development of the students.
  8. A student will be allowed to leave the course at any point and will gain credits and a degree for the number of completed years.
  9. The institutes must offer extra-curricular activities like athletics, environment, and cultural clubs
  10. Counseling will be made available for all the students for stress management and emotional development
  11. The National education framework aims to introduce education in multiple languages that are comfortable for the students.
  12. Indian colleges with good performances will be allowed to initiate their campuses in foreign countries.
  13. The top 100 foreign universities will be allowed to operate in India.
  14. The NEP 2020 aims to ensure 100% literacy among the people of India
  15. The institutes must offer advanced infrastructure and technologies in every classroom across the country.
  16. The national curriculum framework aims to integrate technology into education.
  17. They aim to train the teachers and ensure good educational practices for them to upgrade their teaching.


The implementation of the National Curriculum framework of NEP 2020 gives major emphasis on the overall development of the students. It enhances the methods of offering education through online mediums. It encourages institutes to gain accreditation and offer high standards of education to students.

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Jennifer gill
Jennifer gill
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