6 Ways to Administer CPR to Infants and Young Children

Every second counts regarding saving a young child’s life, and knowing how to administer CPR correctly can mean the difference between tragedy and survival. In this blog post, we will review 6 steps involved in CPR for infants and young children in an emergency. Knowing what to do before calling 911 could save your little one’s life, so read through our explanations carefully!

1. Preparing to Administer CPR – Assess the Scene and Gather Supplies.

When it comes to administering CPR, preparation is key. Before you begin, it’s essential to assess the scene to ensure your safety and the safety of those around you. Once you’ve determined it’s safe to proceed, the next step is gathering the necessary supplies. This may include a CPR mask, gloves, and an AED if one is available. By assessing the scene and picking the proper equipment, you’ll be better equipped to respond in an emergency and provide the best possible care to the person in need. Remember to stay calm, focused, and confident as you prepare to administer CPR.

2. Differences in Technique for Babies and Older Children.

Pediatric emergency care is essential for anyone who works with children, including parents and carers. Knowing how to perform Infant and Child CPR can mean the difference between life and death in an emergency. While the primary technique for CPR remains the same for infants and older children, there are some key differences in how you should approach each situation. For example, when administering CPR to an infant, you must use less force and offer breaths more frequently. Pediatric Emergency Care and BLS (Basic Life Support) training is necessary for anyone who wants to be prepared to handle an emergency with children. With the proper training, you can be ready to act quickly and confidently if the worst happens.

3. Checking for Pulse and Breathing – Properly Position the Baby Before Beginning.

When checking for a baby’s pulse and breathing, it’s essential to ensure they are correctly positioned first. This means placing them on their back on a firm surface, like a changing table or floor. Avoid soft surfaces like a bed or couch, which can increase the risk of suffocation. Once the baby is in a safe position, you can gently feel for their pulse on their inner arm, where the bend of their elbow meets their body. As for breathing, look for signs like chest movement or the sound of breathing. By positioning the baby correctly, you can ensure a safer and more effective check.

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4. Understanding the Difference Between Infant and Child Chest Compressions.

It’s impossible for any parent – the need to perform life-saving chest compressions on their child. However, it’s critical to understand the difference between how to perform chest compressions on an infant versus a child in emergencies. Infants require a gentler touch and a careful technique, with contractions performed with just two fingers. Children, on the other hand, need more substantial pressure and compressions performed with the palm. Knowing the difference between these techniques could make all the difference in an emergency and ultimately save your child’s life.

5. Rescue Breaths – Determining How Many Breaths to Give an Infant vs a Child.

When administering rescue breaths, the number of breaths varies depending on the recipient’s age. Giving infants two quick breaths is recommended before checking for a pulse. For children, it’s advised to give one breath and then check for a pulse. It’s crucial to remember that rescue breaths should only be given in cases where the person is unresponsive and not breathing normally. Knowing these differences in rescue breaths can mean the difference between life and death in emergencies involving children. You can be prepared to act swiftly and effectively in a crisis by staying informed and aware.

6. Other Considerations in Administering CPR to Young Children and Infants- Tips on Keeping the Child Safe During CPR.

When administering CPR to a young child or infant, it’s critical to prioritise their safety throughout the process. One important tip is to ensure the child is lying on a hard, flat surface, with their head slightly tilted back to open the airway. It’s also essential to avoid exerting too much pressure on their tiny bodies during compressions and to use two fingers for infants and the heel of one hand for young children. Additionally, when giving rescue breaths, you must ensure you’re not blowing too hard, as this can cause vomiting or damage to the lungs. group people cpr first aid baby training course baby cpr dummy first aid training 299057 7721 jpg


To summarise these 6 steps, administering CPR to a child or an infant is more than blindly following protocol. It requires assessing the situation and considering the child’s age before administering CPR. Compressions require a different approach for infants than for older children, and it is essential to remember that rescue breaths will also differ based on the baby’s age. Keeping these differences in mind allows you to provide the best level of care at critical times like these, and while performing CPR can be daunting, being armed with the correct information can make all the difference. Ultimately, we should always remember that our priority when dealing with someone needing medical attention should always be safety; by being vigilant and caring for ourselves first, we can ensure that we are helping save someone else’s life.
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