Best Practices for Buying and Storing Fresh Seafood

When it comes to cooking delicious and healthy meals, fresh seafood is often a top choice for many home chefs. However, buying and storing seafood can be a bit tricky, as it’s highly perishable and requires careful handling to maintain its quality and safety. In this blog, we’ll explore the best practices for buying and storing fresh seafood so you can enjoy the flavors of the ocean with confidence.

Buying Fresh Seafood

1. Know Your Source

The first step in ensuring the freshness of your seafood is to know where it comes from. Try to purchase seafood from reputable sources, such as local fish markets, reputable grocery stores, or trusted online seafood suppliers. Ask questions about the source of the seafood, how it was caught or farmed, and if it’s sustainably sourced.

2. Check for Freshness Signs

When at the seafood counter, look for these signs of freshness:

  • Appearance: The seafood should have a clean and glistening appearance. Avoid products with a dull or dry appearance.
  • Smell: Fresh seafood should smell like the ocean – clean and briny. Avoid any strong, fishy, or ammonia-like odors.
  • Texture: Press the flesh gently with your finger; it should bounce back and not leave an indentation.
  • Eyes: If buying whole fish, check the eyes – they should be clear and not cloudy.

3. Choose Sustainable Options

Make eco-friendly choices by selecting seafood that is sustainably sourced. Consult resources like the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) or the Monterey Bay Aquarium’s Seafood Watch program to identify sustainable options and help protect our oceans.

4. Check Labels and Dates

Inspect the packaging for labels that indicate the product’s origin, catch method, and any certifications. Additionally, check the sell-by or use-by date to ensure the product is fresh.

Storing Fresh Seafood

1. Keep it Cold

Immediately upon purchase, store seafood in the coldest part of your refrigerator at a temperature of 32°F to 38°F (0°C to 3°C). If you don’t plan to use it within a day, consider freezing it.

2. Use Proper Storage Containers

To prevent cross-contamination, store seafood in airtight containers or sealable plastic bags. Place a paper towel at the bottom of the container to absorb excess moisture, which can lead to spoilage.

3. Follow the FIFO Rule

When storing seafood in the fridge or freezer, follow the “First In, First Out” (FIFO) rule. Use older seafood before newer purchases to minimize waste.

4. Freeze Correctly

If you’re not using the seafood within a day or two, freezing is your best option to maintain freshness. Place seafood in airtight freezer bags, remove excess air, and label with the date. Properly frozen seafood can last for several months.

5. Thaw Safely

When thawing frozen seafood, do so in the refrigerator or under cold running water. Avoid thawing seafood at room temperature to prevent bacterial growth.

6. Cook Promptly

Fresh seafood is at its best when consumed as soon as possible. Plan your meals so you can use the seafood within a day or two of purchase for optimal flavor and texture.


Enjoying fresh seafood at home can be a delightful culinary experience, but it requires careful attention to buying and storing practices. By choosing reputable sources, checking for freshness signs, and following proper storage guidelines, you can savor the flavors of the ocean while ensuring the safety and quality of your meals. So, the next time you’re at the seafood counter, keep these best practices in mind to create delicious seafood dishes that will impress your family and friends.